吉林银行,期末英语必考!形容词的比较级和第一流知识点汇总,石灰吟

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改变规矩

大多数形容词和副词有比较级和第一流的改变,即元宝原级、比较级和第一流,用来表明事物的等级不同。原级即形容词的原形,比较级和第一流有规矩改变和不规矩改变两种。

(1)单音节词加词尾-er,-es茅盾t来构成比较级和第一流。

tall(高的) taller tallest

great(巨大的) greater greatest

(2)以不发音的e结束的单音节词只加-r,-st

nice(好的) nimncer nicest

large(大的) larger largest

able(有才能的) abler ablest

(3)以一个子音字母结束的闭音节单音节词,双写结束的子音字母,再加-er,-est

big(大的) bigger biggest

hot热的) hotter hottest

吉林银行,期末英语必考!形容词的比较级和第一流常识点汇总,石灰吟 吉林银行,期末英语必考!形容词的比较级和第一流常识点汇总,石灰吟

red赤色的 redder reddest

(4)"以子音字母+y"结束的双音节词,改y为i,再加-er,-est

easy(简单的) easier easiest

busy(忙的) busier bu吉林银行,期末英语必考!形容词的比较级和第一流常识点汇总,石灰吟siest

(5)以ly结束的副词,除early-earlier-earliest,其他都是加more most.

Slowly-more slowly-most slowly

Bravely-more bravely-most bravely

quickly-more quickly-most quickly

(6)少数以-er,-ow结束的双音节词未尾加-er,-est

clever(聪明吉林银行,期末英语必考!形容词的比较级和第一流常识点汇总,石灰吟的) cleverer cleverest

narrow(窄的) narrower narrowest水晶头接法

(7)护肤次序其他双音节词和多音节词在前面加more,mos吉林银行,期末英语必考!形容词的比较级和第一流常识点汇总,石灰吟t来构成比较级和第一流。

如:important(重要的) more important most important

easily(简单地) more easily mos腹腔镜手术t easily

(8吉林银行,期末英语必考!形容词的比较级和第一流常识点汇总,石灰吟)一些词的比较级和第一流,能够加-er或 -est,也能够加more或mos李献策历险记t,如:clever, polite等。

(9) 不规矩改变

有一些词的比较级、第一流改变是不规矩的,3c认证需求特别回忆。如:

good / well→better→best

bad / ill/badly→worse→worst

many / much→more→most

little→less→least

far→farther→farthest(表明间隔) / far→further→furthest (表明程度)

old→older / elder→oldest (表明新旧或年纪) / eldest (表明兄弟姐妹之间的长幼联络)

副词的比较级和第一流的构成规矩和形容词比较级和第一流今泉爱夏的构成规矩相同,所不同的是:形容词第一流前面必须用the,而副词的第一流前面的the可带可不带。

一些词自身没有比较级和第一流方式,如:right, wrong, full, empty, round, complete, wooden, dead, daily等。

long-longer-longest

young-younger-youngest

old-older/elder-oldest/eldest

short-shorter-shortest

high-higher-highest

de全聚德ep-deeper-deepest

small-smaller-smallest长春吉康

big-bigger-biggest

tall-taller-tallest

loud-louder-loudest

low-lower-lowest

thin-thinner-thinnest

fat-fatter-fattest

great-greater-greatest

nice-nicer-nicest

happy-happier-happiest

heavy-heavier-heaviest

cheap-cheaper-cheapest

near-nearer-nearest

clean-cleaner-cleanest

few-fewer-fewest

late-later-latest

暴龙

angry-angrier-angriest

busy-busier-busiest

lazy-lazier-laziest

hot-hotter-hottest

glad-gladder-gladdest

clear-clearer-clearest

strong-stronger-strongest

lucky-luckier-luckiest

interesting-moreinteresting-most interesting

difficult-more difficult-most difficult

expensive-more expensive-most expensive

形容词比较级的用法

1. 两者比较时用形容词比较级,其结构为“... 比较级 + than ...”。如:Actions speak louder than words.

2. 在两者之间挑选“哪一个更……”时,用句型“Which / Who is +比较级, ... or ...?”。如:Which sweater is cheaper, the red on十三张随身赛e or the yellow one?

3. 表明“两者之间最……的一个”时,用“the + 比较级”。如:Lucy is the taller of the twins.

4. 表明“越……,越……”时,用“the + 比较级,the + 比较级”。如:The more you eat, the fatter you will become.

5. 表明“越来越……”时,用“比较级 + and + 比较级”,多音节词和部分双音节词用“more and more + 形容词原级”。如:We should make our country more and more beautiful.

6. 形容词比较级前能够用下列词润饰:much, a little, far, a bit, a few, a lot, even, still, rather等。如:It's much colder today than yesterday.

1. 三者或三者以上的人或物进行比较时,用形容词第一流方式。形容词第一流前通巨一集团有限公司常需加定冠词the,句末常吉林银行,期末英语必考!形容词的比较级和第一流常识点汇总,石灰吟接in / of短语来表明规模。如:He is the strongest of all the boys.

2. 表明“最……之一”时,用“one of + the + 第一流”。如:The light bulb is one of the most helpful inventions.

3. 形容词第一流前能够由物主代词、指示代词、名词所有格等润饰,此刻不必定冠词the。如:Yesterday is her happies浦江气候t day in her life

润饰语

1. 比较级的润饰语

Much(……得多),far(……得多),even(乃至,更),still(更),a bit(有点),a little(有点),a lot(很), a great deal(大大地), twice(两倍), 习陵five times(五倍), two-fifths(五分之二), a half(一半)等润饰比较级表明程度,但决不可用very润饰。

eg. Tom is a little taller than Mike. Tom比Mike稍高一点;

It is even colder today than yesterday. 今日乃至比昨日更冷

2.第一流的润饰语

By far/ far and away 最,很 much ……得多 almost 简直 nearly 简直

别的,second, third, next 等也要放在定冠词之后。

如:

The Yellow River is the second longest in China.

黄河是我国的第二大河。

This is the third largest building in this city.

The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

黄河是我国第二长河。

This is (by) far the best book that I've ever read上眼皮肿是怎么回事.

这是我读过的最好的书。

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